Robotic Urologic Surgery: Robotic-Assisted Adrenalectomy

  • Vinod Narra
  • Craig G. Rogers
  • Mani MenonEmail author


Since the first description of a minimally invasive technique for removal of the adrenal gland by Gagner in 1992 numerous refinements and alternatives to this technique have evolved including a retroperitoneoscopic approach and robotic-assisted adrenalectomy. Minimally invasive adrenalectomy has now become the standard of care for benign lesions, as well as instances of malignant lesions and has demonstrated a reduced morbidity, shorter hospital stays, and improved pain control over the conventional open techniques.


Adrenal Gland Adrenal Vein Camera Port Superior Pole Assistant Port 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer London 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of SurgeryHenry Ford HospitalDetroitUSA
  2. 2.Vattikuti Urology Institute, Henry Ford HospitalDetroitUSA
  3. 3.Columbia University, Menon-Vattikuti Center, New York Presbyterian HospitalNew YorkUSA

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