Animal Laboratory Training: Current Status and How Essential Is It?

  • Gyung Tak SungEmail author
  • Yinghao Sun


For the successful transition of new technology into clinical practice, surgeons must continue to train concurrently with newly introduced technology for the benefit of both surgeons and future patients. Various training methods have been proposed to assimilate robotic-assisted technology for clinical applications.


Robotic Surgery Porcine Model Surgical Skill Surgical Training Robotic Assistance 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The authors would like to thank Ms. Seh-Rin Sung for her assistance in the preparation of this manuscript.


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Copyright information

© Springer London 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of UrologyDong-A University HospitalBusanSouth Korea
  2. 2.Department of UrologyChanghai Hospital, Second Military Medical UniversityShanghaiChina

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