Introduction to Hypermobility

  • Peter Beighton
  • Rodney Grahame
  • Howard Bird


The first clinical description of articular hypermobility is attributed to Hippocrates, who, in the fourth century B.C., described the Scythians, a race of Iranian horse-riding nomads inhabiting the region that now forms the Ukraine, as having humidity, flabbiness and atony such that they were unable to use their weapons. Their main problem in warfare was that hyperlaxity of the elbow and shoulder joints prevented them from drawing their bows effectively.


Marfan Syndrome Joint Laxity Joint Hypermobility Generalise Joint Hypermobility Hypermobility Syndrome 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peter Beighton
    • 1
  • Rodney Grahame
    • 2
  • Howard Bird
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Human GeneticsUniversity of Cape TownCape TownSouth Africa
  2. 2.Department of RheumatolgyUniversity College HospitalLondonUnited Kingdom
  3. 3.Department of Musculo–Skeletal MedicineUniversity of LeedsLeedsUnited Kingdom

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