A 35-Year-Old Competitive Cyclist with Frequent Premature Ventricular Beats
The patient was a 35-year-old competitive but non-professional cyclist. He started competitive cycling during his teenage years and was still continuing this activity until the date of evaluation. At the top of his athletic career, he competed on a national level, with an average of 1 to 2 races per week and daily training of a 3–4 hours(h).
KeywordsRight Ventricular Right Ventricular Ejection Fraction Positive Late Potential Regional Wall Motion Abnormality Right Bundle Branch Block
- 1.Ector J, Ganame J, van der Merwe N, Adriaenssens B, Pison L, Willems R, Gewillig M, Heidbuchel H. Reduced right ventricular ejection fraction in endurance athletes presenting with ventricular arrhythmias: a quantitative angiographic assessment. Eur Heart J 2007, 28:345–353PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- 2.Heidbuchel H, Corrado D, Biffi A, Hoffmann E, Panhuyzen-Goedkoop N, Hoogsteen J, Delise P, Hoff PI, Pelliccia A. Recommendations for participation in leisure-time physical activity and competitive sports of patients with arrhythmias and potentially arrhythmogenic conditions. Part II: Ventricular arrhythmias, channelopathies and implantable defibrillators. Eur J Cardiovasc Prev Rehabil 2006,13:676–686PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- 4.McKenna WJ, Thiene G, Nava A, Fontaliran F, Blomstrom Lundqvist C, Fontaine G, Camerini F. Diagnosis of arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia/cardiomyopathy. Task Force of the Working Group Myocardial and Pericardial Disease of the European Society of Cardiology and of the Scientific Council on Cardiomyopathies of the International Society and Federation of Cardiology. Br Heart J 1994, 71:215–218PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- 5.Heidbuchel H, Hoogsteen J, Fagard R, Vanhees L, Ector H, Willems R, Van Lierde J. High prevalence of right ventricular involvement in endurance athletes with ventricular arrhythmias. Role of an electrophysiologic study in risk stratification. Eur Heart J 2003, 24:1473–1480PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar