Elite Tennis Player with a Complete Atrio-Ventricular Block

  • Alessandro BiffiEmail author
  • Laura Fiaccarini
  • Luisa Verdile


This young elite tennis player, 14 years old, was referred for cardiologic evaluation in our Institute (in the year 1977) because of a second-degree atrio-ventricular (AV) block, type 1 observed on resting 12-lead ECG, performed at preparticipation screening. No known cardiovascular disease or symptoms (such as syncope, pre-syncope or dizziness and palpitations) were referred in the medical history. Family history was negative for known cardiovascular disease or sudden death.


Trained Athlete Cardiologic Evaluation Preparticipation Screening Athletic Conditioning Incremental Atrial Pace 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alessandro Biffi
    • 1
    Email author
  • Laura Fiaccarini
    • 1
  • Luisa Verdile
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Sports Medicine and Science, Italian National Olympic CommitteeDepartment of Medicine, Largo Piero GabrielliItaly

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