Gross and Laparoscopic Anatomy of the Lower Urinary Tract and Pelvis

  • Bastian Amend
  • Arnulf Stenzl
Part of the Springer Specialist Surgery Series book series (SPECIALIST)


An overview of the gross and laparoscopic anatomy of the lower urinary tract should summarize both long-standing anatomic knowledge and current scientific findings. In few fields has the anatomic understanding grown as much as in urology, especially concerning the anatomy of the lower urinary tract. Whereas the gross anatomy is already well known, now research is increasingly contributing to our understanding of the microscopic level.


Pudendal Nerve Endopelvic Fascia External Urethral Sphincter Inferior Hypogastric Plexus Deferent Duct 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer London 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bastian Amend
    • 1
  • Arnulf Stenzl
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of UrologyUniversity Hospital, University of TuebingenTuebingenGermany

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