Biofeedback therapy may be considered first-line treatment for stress, urge,and mixed urinary incontinence, fecal incontinence, paradoxical puborectalis contraction, pelvic pain, and other forms of pelvic floor dysfunction. In 1989, the National Institutes of Health Consensus Conference on Urinary Incontinence in adults concluded that less-invasive procedures such as biofeedback treatment should be the first-line treatment for patients with many types of incontinence. This was further promoted by the Agency for Health Care Policy and Research, which recommended behavioral interventions before other forms of treatment in the patient with a history of stress, urge, or mixed incontinence after a basic evaluation.
- Urinary Incontinence
- Stress Urinary Incontinence
- Fecal Incontinence
- External Anal Sphincter
- Urge Urinary Incontinence
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Vickers, D., Davila, G.W. (2008). Kegel Exercises and Biofeedback. In: Davila, G.W., Ghoniem, G.M., Wexner, S.D. (eds) Pelvic Floor Dysfunction. Springer, London. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-84800-348-4_51
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