• Mary OBrien

8.1 Classification of Conditions that May Present for Chest Wall Reconstruction

Congenital: Poland’s syndrome, pectus excavatum, pectus carinatum, sternal cleft, myelomeningoceles (posteriorly)

Acquired: Sternal dehiscence, trauma, tumor, infection (osteomyelitis), radiation ulcers

8.1.1 Willital’s Classification of Congenital Chest Wall Deformities

Willital GH. Indication and operative technique in chest deformities. Z Kinderchir 1981;33(3):244–252

  • Pectus excavatum (Funnel chest) (four types) (see below)

  • Pectus carinatum (Pigeon chest) (four types)

  • Combination of pectus excavatum and carinatum (funnel and pigeon chest)

  • Chest wall aplasia

  • Cleft sternum

8.1.2 Classification of Poland Syndrome Deformities

Poland A. Deficiency of the pectoral muscles. Guys Hosp Rep 1841;6:191–193

Clarkson later attributed the syndrome to Poland.

  • A. Upper limb related

  • – Shortened digits (absent middle phalanx)

  • – Complete simple syndactyly

  • – Hand hypoplasia

  • – Absent sternocostal head of the ipsilateral...


Latissimus Dorsi Pressure Sore Pectus Excavatum Poland Syndrome Sternal Dehiscence 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mary OBrien
    • 1
  1. 1.Consultant Plastic and Hand SurgeonPulvertaft Hand CentreDerbyUK

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