Craniofacial, Cleft Lip, and Palate

  • Mary OBrien
Congenital malformation
  • A structural defect at birth due to abnormal development in utero

  • – A change in size or shape due to the effect of mechanical forces

  • – An event that interrupts the normal sequence of development

  • – Abnormal development or growth of tissues, organs or cells

Moss’s functional matrix
  • The morphology of the bony skeleton is a result of processes in the soft tissues

Frankfort horizontal plane
  • – A craniometric plane passing from the upper part of the external auditory meatus through the lowest point of the left orbital margin

4.1 Craniofacial Abnormality Classification

  • American society of cleft lip and palate


Synostosis (syndromal or nonsyndromal)

Hypoplastic conditions

Hyperplastic and neoplastic conditions

4.2 Facial Clefts

4.2.1 Tessier’s Classification of Facial Clefts

Tessier P. Anatomical classification of facial, cranio-facial and latero-facial clefts. J Maxillofac Surg 1969;4:69–92
  • Key landmarks – orbit, nose, mouth



Fibrous Dysplasia Cleft Palate Palatal Shelf Facial Cleft Secondary Palate 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mary OBrien
    • 1
  1. 1.Consultant Plastic and Hand SurgeonPulvertaft Hand CentreDerbyUK

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