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Cosmetic Surgery

  • Mary OBrien
Chapter
  • Esthetic unit
    • A functional division of tissue defined by contour lines within which the tissue shares similar characteristics in terms of color, texture, and quality. Sutures lines should ideally correspond to the boundaries to achieve the best camouflage. If greater than 50% of the esthetic unit is lost, it may be preferable to replace the whole unit. Some regions may be divided into subunits.

  • Body dysmorphic disorder:
    • A psychiatric condition whereby a person is preoccupied with a perceived defect in appearance despite having a normal appearance which causes significant distress and may interfere with social, occupational, and interpersonal functioning. Surgery does not cure this condition.

12.1 the Face

12.1.1 Classification of Facial Changes as a Result of Aging

Histological Canges

  • Loss of type III collagen

  • Loss of elastin

  • Dermo-epidermal junction flattening

  • Decreased Langerhans cells and melanocytes (Fig. 12.1)

Keywords

Actinic Keratose Lateral Cartilage Acne Scarring Body Dysmorphic Disorder Skin Laxity 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Abbreviations

AJCC

American Joint Committee on Cancer

AFX

Atypical fibroxanthoma

Ag

Antigen

AK

Actinic keratosis

AN

Accessory nerve

APL

Abductor pollicis longus

APC

Antigen presenting cell

APB

Abductor pollicis brevis

BCC

Basal cell carcinoma

BMI

Body mass index

CMN

Congenital melanocyti nevus

DCIS

Ductal carcinoma in situ

DFSP

Dermatofibroma sarcoma protruberans

DIPJ

Distal interphalangeal joint

DVT

Deep venous thrombosis

DXT

Radiotherapy

EAM

External auditory meatus

ERCL

Extensor carpi radialis longus

ECRB

Extensor carpi radialis brevis

EPB

Extensor pollicis brevis

EIP

Extensor indicis proprius

EDC

Extensor digitorum communis

EDM

Extensor digiti minimi

ECU

Etensor carpi ulnaris

FDP

Flexor digitorum profundus

FDS

Flexor digitorum superficialis

FNCLCC

French Federation Nationale des Centres de Lutte Contre Le Cancer

FPB

Flexor pollicis brevis

FPL

Flexor pollicis longus

FTSG

Full thickness skin graft

GI

Gastrointestinal

HPF

High power fields

Ig

Immunoglobulin

IJV

Internal jugular vein

IPJ

Interphalangeal joint

ISSAV

International Society for the Study of Vascular Anomalies

IV

Intravenous

LCIS

Lobular carcinoma in situ

MACS

Minimal access cranial suspension

MCPJ

Metacarpophalangeal joint

MFX

Malignant fibrous histiocytoma

MHC

Major histocompatibility complex

MM

Malignant melanoma

MODS

Multiple organ dysfunction syndrome

MRI

Magnetic resonance imaging

MTPJ

Metatarsophalangeal joint

NAC

Nipple areolar complex

NF

Neurofibromatosis

NICH

Noninvoluting congenital hemangioma

NK

Natural killer cells

PA

Postero-anterior

PABA

Para-amino benzoic acid

2PD

Two point discrimination

PE

Pulmonary embolus

PIPJ

Proximal interphalangeal joint

PVNS

Polyvillonodular synovitis

RBC

Red blood cell

RS

Respiratory system

RSD

Reflex sympathetic dystrophy

RLD

Radial longitudinal deficiency

RICH

Rapidly involuting congenital hemangioma

SCC

Squamous cell carcinoma

SCM

Sternocleidomastoid

SIRS

Systemic inflammatory response syndrome

SLAC

Scapholunate advanced collapse

SMAS

Superficial musculoaponeurotic system

TBSA

Total body surface area

TFL

Tensor fascia lata

TMJ

Temporomandibular joint

TNM

Tumor, node, metastasis

TNMG

Tumor, node, metastasis, grade

TMJ

Temporomandibular joint

UCL

Ulna collateral ligament

V

Volts

VPI

Velopharyngeal incompetence

WHO

World Health Organization

X-ray

Radiograph

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mary OBrien
    • 1
  1. 1.Consultant Plastic and Hand SurgeonPulvertaft Hand CentreDerbyUK

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