Conventional management of a retrocaval ureter is by open repair. This uncommon anomaly is usually asymptomatic, and surgery is indicated only when the patient is symptomatic or develops back-pressure changes of the kidney. An intravenous urogram (IVU) or preferably computed tomography (CT) scan delineates the features of a retrocaval ureter. There are sporadic reports of single cases being repaired laparoscopically [1–8].
KeywordsInferior Vena Cava Ureteral Stricture Transperitoneal Approach Dilate Ureter Strictured Segment
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