This chapter presents the definitions and properties of timbers and woods including hardwoods and softwoods.
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Desch, H.E. (1996) Timber: Structure, Properties, Conversion, and Use, 7th ed Food Products Press, New York.Google Scholar
- Hamad, W. (2002) Cellulosic Materials: Fibers, Networks, and Composites Kluwer Academic, Boston, MA.Google Scholar
- Lavers, G.M. (1983) The Strength Properties of Timber, 3rd ed HMSO, Department of the Environment, Building Research Establishment, London.Google Scholar
- Newlin, J.A.; Wilson, T.R.C. (1919) The Relation of the Shrinkage and Strength Properties Of Wood To Its Specific Gravity Washington, Government Printing Office (GPO), Washinton DC.Google Scholar
- Record, S.J. (1934) Identification of the Timbers of Temperate North America, Including Anatomy and Certain Physical Properties of Wood John Wiley, New York.Google Scholar
- Rijsdijk, J.F.; Laming, P.B. (1994) Physical and Related Properties of 145 Timbers: Information for Practice Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht.Google Scholar
- Siau, J.F. (1995) Wood: Influence of Moisture on Physical Properties Department of Wood Science and Forest Products, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA.Google Scholar
- U.S. Department of Agriculture (1999) Wood Handbook: Wood as an Engineering Material USDA Forest Products Society, Madison, WI.Google Scholar
- Williamson, T.G. (ed.) (2002) APA Engineered Wood Handbook McGraw-Hill, New York.Google Scholar