Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy and Laparoscopic Management of Urinary Tract Calculi

  • Pedro-José López
  • Michael J. Kellett
  • Patrick G. Duffy


Urinary calculus in childhood is not common. The incidence in Great Britain is two cases per million per year, and it occurs more frequently in boys than girls (1.5:1). Nearly 62% of the stones are located in the kidney, and spontaneous passage is less frequent than recorded in adult series (35%–50%).


Calcium Oxalate Urethral Catheter Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy Nephrostomy Tube Calcium Oxalate Monohydrate 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pedro-José López
    • 1
  • Michael J. Kellett
    • 2
  • Patrick G. Duffy
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Paediatric UrologyGreat Ormond Street Hospital for Children NHS TrustLondonUK
  2. 2.Department of RadiologyGreat Ormond Street Hospital for Children NHS TrustLondonUK

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