Ureteroscopy pp 383-386 | Cite as

Complex Anatomy: Horseshoe, Pelvic, and Malrotated Kidneys

  • Naeem Bhojani
  • James E. LingemanEmail author
Part of the Current Clinical Urology book series (CCU)


This chapter focuses on the use of flexible ureteroscopy for the treatment of calculi in patients with complex renal anatomy. This includes patients with horseshoe, pelvic, and malrotated kidneys. After discussing the anatomy and embryology of these renal anomalies, this chapter explains how these renal anomalies may lead to the formation of renal calculi. As well an analysis of the literature that is available on this subject is performed. Finally, a description of the technique and equipment used at our institution is reviewed.


Renal Pelvis Renal Calculus Holmium Laser Horseshoe Kidney Stone Burden 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.UrologyIndiana University HealthIndianapolisUSA

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