Male factor infertility is identified in up to half of couples evaluated for infertility. In addition to impeding reproductive goals, male infertility may also be a marker for a man’s current or future health problems. The evaluation of the male partner involves a history and physical examination with careful attention placed on several key areas. While conventional semen analyses provide insight into a man’s reproductive potential, newer adjunctive semen tests can provide additional information regarding the functional ability of a man’s sperm. After an underlying disorder is identified, medical and surgical treatments of male infertility can help achieve fatherhood. Modern-assisted reproductive techniques now allow men to become fathers who were previously unable and have tremendously improved options for infertile men.
KeywordsAssist Reproductive Technology Male Infertility Semen Quality Ejaculatory Duct Cervical Mucous
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