Chimeras + Hybrids = Chimbrids: Legal Aspects

  • Jochen Taupitz
Part of the Stem Cell Biology and Regenerative Medicine book series (STEMCELL)


The chapter tackles the legal issues concerning scientific research involving chimeras and hybrids. It discusses domestic and international law, the regulatory needs and challenges, as well as offering recommendations for further implementation. Especially the Council of Europe and the EU should consider appropriate methods of governance. A definite requirement concerning chimbrids related research lies in the prior review by a qualified independent body.


Human dignity Balancing of interests Legal regulation European Union Council of Europe 


  1. 1.
    Taupitz J, Weschka M (Eds.). CHIMBRIDS – chimeras and hybrids in comparative European and international research. Heidelberg: Springer; 2009.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Art. 11 of the UNESCO Universal Declaration on the Human Genome and Human Rights, Resolution 16, adopted on the Report of Commission III at the 26th plenary meeting, on 11 November 1997 (29 C/Resolution 16), Records of the General Conference, Twenty-ninth Session, Paris, 21 October to 12 November 1997, Volume 1: Resolutions, Paris 1998, pp. 41–46. Available from:
  3. 3.
    UN Declaration on Human Cloning, adopted on 8 March 2005 (A/RES/59/280). Available from:
  4. 4.
    The Additional Protocol to the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Dignity of the Human Being with regard to the Application of Biology and Medicine, on the Prohibition of Cloning Human Beings (Council of Europe, CETS No.: 168), from 12 January 1998, entered into force on 1 March 2001 for Georgia, Greece, Slovenia, Spain and Slovakia. Currently, the Additional Protocol has been signed but not ratified by 13 member states of the Council of Europe, while further 18 member states have already ratified. Available from:
  5. 5.
    cf. Council of Europe, Recommendation Rec (2003) 10 of the Committee of Ministers to member states on xenotransplantation, adopted by the Committee of Ministers on 19 June 2003 at the 844th meeting of the Ministers’ Deputies. Available from:
  6. 6.
  7. 7.
    Art. 43-48 of the Swiss Federal Act on the Transplantation of Organs, Tissues and Cells (Transplantation Act) from 8 October 2004 (in force since 1 July 2007). Available from:

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jochen Taupitz
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute for German, European and International Medical LawPublic Health Law and Bioethics of the Universities of Heidelberg and MannheimHeidelberg, MannheimGermany
  2. 2.FriedelsheimGermany

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