Movement Disorder Emergencies of the Upper Aerodigestive Tract

  • Lesley Childs
  • Scott Rickert
  • Boris Bentsianov
  • Ajay Chitkara
  • Anthony Cultrara
  • Andrew BlitzerEmail author
Part of the Current Clinical Neurology book series (CCNEU)


Movement disorder emergencies of the aerodigestive tract are dramatic and often life threatening. With appropriate, timely evaluation and intervention, most patients can be effectively managed and major morbidity avoided. This chapter provides a comprehensive review of both the causes and appropriate treatment of breathing disturbances secondary to primary disorders and iatrogenic causes, as well as swallowing emergencies. Additionally, basic physiology, anatomy, and various methods for assessment of the upper aerodigestive tract are provided for review. Specific disorders that are addressed include: spasmodic dysphonia, adductor laryngeal breathing dystonia, Shy–Drager abductor weakness, drug-induced tardive ­dystonia, oromandibulolingual dystonia, multiple system atrophy, multiple sclerosis, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, Parkinson’s disease, Huntington’s disease, and palatal myoclonus.


Multiple System Atrophy Percutaneous Endoscopic Gastrostomy Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Patient Vocal Fold Central Sleep Apnea 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lesley Childs
    • 1
  • Scott Rickert
    • 2
  • Boris Bentsianov
    • 3
  • Ajay Chitkara
    • 4
  • Anthony Cultrara
    • 5
  • Andrew Blitzer
    • 6
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery, Clinical Center for Voice CareUniversity of Texas Southwestern Medical CenterDallasUSA
  2. 2.Department of Pediatric OtolaryngologyNew York University Langone Medical CenterNew YorkUSA
  3. 3.Department of Otolaryngology and Division of Laryngology, Voice and Swallowing DisordersDownstate Medical Center, State University of New YorkBrooklynUSA
  4. 4.Department of Otolaryngology—Head and Neck SurgeryState University of New YorkStony BrookUSA
  5. 5.New York Center for Voice and Swallowing DisordersNew YorkUSA
  6. 6.Department of Clinical OtolaryngologyColumbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York Center for Voice and Swallowing DisordersNew YorkUSA

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