Impact of Dietary Quality and Nutrition on General Health Status

Chapter
Part of the Nutrition and Health book series (NH)

Keypoints

  • Dietary excesses and inadequate physical activity increase risk of obesity and chronic diseases including cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and some cancers

  • Protein energy malnutrition, nutritional anemia, nonalcoholic liver disease, and osteoporosis are associated with nutrient deficiencies that increase risk of oral diseases and conditions

  • Government, health agencies, and health foundations define dietary guidelines and patterns supported by evidence-based research and presented in formats to increase health promotion and disease prevention

  • Oral health care professionals and nutrition professionals can participate in healthcare teams to provide nutrition education and counseling to promote optimum oral health

Keywords

Dietary quality Nutritional status Health status Chronic disease Dietary excess Obesity Cardiovascular disease Dyslipidemia Hypertension Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease Protein energy malnutrition Insulin resistance Dietary guidelines 

References

  1. 1.
    World Health Organization. Diet, Nutrition, and the Prevention of Chronic Diseases. Report of a WHO/FAO Consultation. Geneva: WHO Technical Report Series 916; 2002.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Beauman C, Cannon G, Ibraham E, Glasauer P, et al. The principles, definition and dimensions of the new nutrition science. Public Health Nutr. 2005;8(6A):695–8.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Beers, Mark H, MD, Robert Berkow, MD, editors. “Malnutrition.” Section 1, Chapter 2. In The Merck manual of diagnosis and therapy. Whitehouse Station, NJ: Merck Research Laboratories, 2004.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Lillycorp KA, Burdge GC. Epigenetic mechanisms linking early nutrition to long term health. Best Prac Res Endocrinol Metab. 2012;26(5):667–76.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Shils ME, Shike M, Ross C, Caballero B, Cousins RJ. Modern nutrition in health and disease. 10th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott, Williams and Wilkins; 2006.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    U.S. Department of Agriculture. Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion. Dietary Guidelines for Americans 2010. http://www.cnpp.usda.gov/Publications/DietaryGuidelines/2010/PolicyDoc/PolicyDoc.pdf. Accessed 05 June 2013.
  7. 7.
    WHO, FAO. FAO/WHO technical consultation on national food-based dietary guidelines. 2006. http://www.who.int/nutrition/publications/nutrientrequirements/dietguide_emro_executivesummary.pdf. Accessed 6 June 2013.
  8. 8.
    Murphy SL, Xu J, Kochanek D. Deaths: preliminary data for 2010. National Vital Statistics Reports. Atlanta, GA: Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics, National Vital Statistics System 2012;60(4):1–51.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Chronic disease prevention and health promotion. Atlanta, GA: Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2008.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Ogden CL, Carroll MD, Kit BK, Flegal KM. Prevalence of obesity in the United States, 2009–2010. NCHS Data Brief No. 82;2012. http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/hestat/overweight/overweightadult.pdf. Accessed 05 June 2013.
  11. 11.
    Asghar O, Alam U, Hapat SA, Aghamohammadzadeh R, Heagerty AM, Malik RA. Obesity, diabetes, and atrial fibriliation; epidemiology, mechanisms and interventions. Curr Cardiol Rev. 2012;8(4):253–64.PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Finkelstein EA, Trogdon JG, Cohen JW, Dietz W. Annual medical spending attributable to obesity: payer-and service-specific estimates. Health Aff. 2009;28(5):2822–31.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Vamal KS, Loos RJF. Progress in the genetics of common obesity and type two diabetes. Exp Rev Mol Med. 2010;12(7): ejournal. doi:  10.1017/S1462399410001389.
  14. 14.
    National Institutes of Health, National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute Obesity Education Initiative Expert Panel. Clinical guidelines on the identification, evaluation, and treatment of overweight and obesity in adults: The evidence report. NIH Publication No.98-4083, 1998.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Nishimura S, Manabe I, Nagaski M, Hosoya Y, Yarnashita H, Fujita H, Ohsugi M, Tobe K, Kadowaki T, Nagai R, Sugiura S. Adipogenesis in obesity requires close interplay between differentiating adipocytes, stromal cells, and blood vessels. Diabetes. 2007;56:1517–26.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    National Heart, Lung and Blood institute. What are the health risks of overweight and obesity? http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/obe/risks.html. Accessed 6 Jan 2013.
  17. 17.
    Tam CS, Clement K, Baur LA, Tordjman J. Obesity and low-grade inflammation: a paediatric perspective. Obes Rev. 2010;11(2):118–26.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Deprés JP, Lemieux I. Abdominal obesity and metabolic syndrome. Nature. 2006;444(14):881–7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Yajnik CS. The lifecycle effects of nutrition and body size on adult adiposity, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. Obes Rev. 2002;3(3):217–24.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Wing RR, Lang W, Wadden TA, Safford M, Knowler WC, Bertoni AG, Brancati FL, Peters A, Wagenknecht L. Look AHEAD Group. Benefits of modest weight loss in improving cardiovascular risk factors in overweight and obese individuals with Type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Care. 2011;34(7):1481–6.PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Wells JCK. Obesity as malnutrition: the dimensions beyond energy balance. Eur J of Clin Nutr. 2013;67:5.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    American Diabetes Association. Diagnosis and classification of diabetes mellitus. Diabetes Care. 2010;33:S62–9.PubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Marc-Andre C, Dabelea D, Hernandez TL, Lindstrom RC, et al. The metabolic syndrome. Endocr Rev. 2008;29(7):777–822.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    American Diabetes Association. Evidence-based nutrition principles and recommendations for the treatment and prevention of diabetes and related complications. Diabetes Care. 2003;26(Suppl. 1):S51–2.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Shortreed SM, Peeters A, Forbes AB. Estimating the effect of long-term physical activity on cardiovascular disease and mortality: evidence from the Framingham heart study. Heart. 2013;99:649–954.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Pearson TA, Palaniappan LP, Artinian NT, Carnethon MR, et al. American heart association guide for improving cardiovascular health at the community Level, 2013 Update. Circulation. 2013;127:1730–53.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Artinian NT, Fletcher GF, Mozaffarian D, Kris-Etherton P, Van Horn L, Lichtenstein AH, et al. American heart association prevention committee of the council on cardiovascular nursing. Interventions to promote physical activity and dietary lifestyle changes for cardiovascular risk factor reduction in adults: a scientific statement from the American Heart Association. Circulation. 2010;122:406–41.Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Lichtenstein AH, Brands AM, Carnethon M, Daniels S, et al. Diet and lifestyle recommendations 2006: a scientific statement from the American Heart Association Nutrition Committee. Circulation. 2006;114:82–96.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP) Expert Panel. Third Report of the National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP) Expert panel on detection, evaluation, and treatment of high blood cholesterol in adults (Adult Treatment Panel III) final report. Circulation 2002;106(25):3143–3421.Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Eckel RH, Kahn R, Robertson RM, Rizza RA. Preventing cardiovascular disease and diabetes. Circulation. 2006;113:2943–6.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Sherzai A, Heim LT, Boothby C, Sherzai AD. Stroke, food groups, and dietary patterns: a systematic review. Nutr Rev. 2012;70(8):423–35.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    US Department of Health and Human Services. Your guide to lowering your blood pressure with DASH. http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/public/heart/hbp/dash/new_dash.pdf Accessed 4 June 2013.
  33. 33.
    Blumenthal JA, Epstein DE, Sherwood A, Smith PJ, Craighead L, Caccia C, Lin PH, Babyak MA, Johnson JJ, Hinderliter A. Determinants and consequences of adherence to the dietary approaches to stop hypertension diet in African-American and white adults with high blood pressure: results from the ENCORE trial. J Acad Nutr Diet. 2012;112:(11):1763–1773.Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    De Paula TP, Steemburgo T, De Almeida JC, Dall’Alba V, Gross JL, De Azevedo MJ. The role of dietary approaches to stop hypertension (DASH) diet food groups in blood pressure in Type 2 diabetes. Br J Nutr 2012;1:155–162.Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Seyfried T, Shelton LM. Cancer as a metabolic disease. Nutr Metabol. 2010;7:7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Kushi LW, Doyle C, McCullough M, Rock CL, Demark-Wahnefried W, Bandera EV, Gapstur S, Patel AV, Andrews K, Gansler T. American Cancer Society guidelines on nutrition and physical activity for cancer prevention. CA Cancer J Clin. 2011;62(1):30–67.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    World Cancer Research Fund/American Institute for Cancer Research. Food, nutrition, physical activity, and the prevention of cancer: a global perspective. Washington DC: AICR, 2007.Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    Adams LA, Lindor KD. Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. Ann Epidemiol. 2007;17:863–9.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Alisi A, Manco M, Vania A, Nobili V. Pediatric nonalcoholic fatty liver disease in 2009. J Pediatr. 2009;155(4):469–74.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Reilly JJ. Understanding chronic malnutrition in childhood and old age: role of energy balance research. Proc Nutr Soc. 2002;61(3):321–7.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    Jeejeebhoy KN. Malnutrition, fatigue, frailty, vulnerability, sarcopenia and cachexia: overlap of clinical features. Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care. 2012;15:213–9.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    Black RE, Allen LH, Bhutta ZA, Caulfield LE, de Onis M, Ezzati M, Mathers C, Rivera J. Maternal and child undernutrition: global and regional exposures and health consequences. Lancet. 2008;371:243–60.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    Hurrell R. Egli. Iron bioavailability and dietary reference values. Am J Clin Nutr. 2010;91(Suppl):1461S–7S.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    Allen LH. Causes of vitamin B12 and folate deficiency. Food Nutr Bull. 2008;29(2):S20–34.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    Scott JM, Molloy AM. The discovery of vitamin B12. Ann Nutr Metab. 2012;61:239–45.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    Earl S, Cole ZA, Holroyd C, Cooper C, Harvey NC. Dietary management of osteoporosis through the life course. Proc Nutr Soc. 2010;69:25–33.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    Van Etten E, Stoffels K, Gysemans C, Mathieu C, Overbergh L. Regulation of vitamin D homeostatsis: implications for the immune system. Nutr Rev. 2008;6(Suppl 2):S125–34.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    National Alliance for Nutrition and Activity. National health priorities: reducing obesity, heart disease, cancer, diabetes and other diet- and inactivity-related diseases, costs and disabilities. Atlanta, GA: Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2009.Google Scholar
  49. 49.
    Wright JL, Sherriff JL, Dhaliwai SS, Marno JC. Tailored, iterative, printed dietary feedback is as effective as group education in improving dietary behaviors: results from a randomized control trial in middle-aged adults with cardiovascular risk factors. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 2011;8:43. http://www.ijbnpa.org/content/8/1/42 Accessed 6 June 2013.
  50. 50.
    Taggart J, Williams A, Dennis S, Newall A. et al. A systematic review of interventions inprimary care to improve health literacy for chronic disease behavioral risk factors. BMC Fam Prac 2012;13:49. http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2296/13/49 Accessed 6 June 2013.
  51. 51.
    Takak RG, Jones E, Jacobs JA, Dobbs T et al. Policy perceptions related to physical activity and health eating in Mississippi. J Public Health Manag Prac. 2013;19(3E-Suppl):S597–S104.Google Scholar
  52. 52.
    Willett WC, Stampher MJ. Current evidence on healthy eating. Annu Rev Public Health. 2013;34:77–95.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. 53.
    Freeland-Graves JH, Nitzke S. Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics Position of the academy of nutrition and dietetics: total diet approach to healthy eating. J Acad Nutr Diet. 2013 Feb;113(2):307–317.Google Scholar
  54. 54.
    King JC. An evidence-based approach for establishing dietary guidelines. J Nutr. 2007;137:480–3.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  55. 55.
    USDA/DHHS. Report of the Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee on the dietary guidelines for Americans, 2010. http://www.cnpp.usda.gov/DGAs2010-DGACReport.htm. Accessed 4 June 2013.
  56. 56.
    Institute of Medicine. Dietary reference intakes for energy, carbohydrates, fiber, fatty acids cholesterol, protein and amino acids. Washington DC: National Academy Press; 2002.Google Scholar
  57. 57.
    Institute of Medicine. Dietary reference intakes for calcium, and vitamin D. Washington DC: National Academy Press; 2010.Google Scholar
  58. 58.
    Institute of Medicine. Dietary reference intakes for thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, vitamin B6, folate, vitamin B12, pantothenic acid, biotin, and choline. Washington DC: National Academy Press; 2000.Google Scholar
  59. 59.
    Institute of Medicine. Dietary reference intakes for vitamin C, vitamin E, selenium, and carotenoids. Washington DC: National Academy Press; 2000.Google Scholar
  60. 60.
    Institute of Medicine. Dietary reference intakes for vitamin a, vitamin k, arsenic, boron, chromium, copper, iodine, iron, manganese, molybdenum, nickel, silicon, vanadium, and zinc. Washington DC: National Academy Press; 2001.Google Scholar
  61. 61.
    Institute of Medicine Dietary Reference Intakes for Water. Potassium, sodium, chloride and sulfate. Washington DC: National Academy Press; 2004.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Preventive Medicine and Community DentistryUniversity of IowaIowa CityUSA
  2. 2.Department of Biomedical Sciences, School of Dental MedicineUniversity of Nevada Las VegasLas VegasUSA

Personalised recommendations