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Noise-Induced Hearing Loss: Implication for Tinnitus

  • Donald HendersonEmail author
  • Eric C. Bielefeld
  • Edward Lobarinas
  • Chiemi Tanaka

Keypoints

  1. 1.

    Noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) is often associated with tinnitus.

     
  2. 2.

    The shape and depth of the audiogram in patients with NIHL varies considerably.

     
  3. 3.

    Characteristics of tinnitus (sensation level, pulsatile versus continuous, perceived pitch) also vary widely across individuals.

     
  4. 4.

    The relationship between the pattern of hearing loss and the characteristics of the tinnitus is complex and a relevant topic of research.

     
  5. 5.
    This chapter focuses on three topics relevant to NIHL and tinnitus:
    1. (a)

      The relationship between the parameters of a noise exposure and the resulting hearing loss.

       
    2. (b)

      The cochlear pathologies underlying permanent hearing loss and temporary hearing loss and how they differ.

       
    3. (c)

      Noise-induced tinnitus and the animal modeling of tinnitus used to study the relationship between noise and tinnitus.

       
     

Keywords

Temporary threshold shift Permanent threshold shift Kurtosis Noise interactions Tinnitus 

Abbreviations

ATS

Asymptotic threshold shift

CNS

Central nervous system

EAM

External auditory meatus

GPIAS

Gap-prepulse inhibition of the acoustic startle

IHC

Inner hair cell

NBN

Narrow band noise

NIHL

Noise-induced hearing loss

NIOSH

National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health

OHC

Outer hair cell

OSHA

Occupational Safety and Health Administration

PTS

Permanent threshold shift

TTS

Temporary threshold shift

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Donald Henderson
    • 1
    Email author
  • Eric C. Bielefeld
  • Edward Lobarinas
  • Chiemi Tanaka
  1. 1.Center for Hearing and Deafness, Department of Communicative Disorders and SciencesState University of New York at BuffaloBuffaloUSA

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