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Conductive and Cochlear Hearing Loss

  • Tobias KleinjungEmail author

Keypoints

  1. 1.

    Any kind of hearing loss may be accompanied by tinnitus.

     
  2. 2.

    This chapter describes possible causes of conductive hearing loss located in the external ear and middle ear.

     
  3. 3.

    Pathologies of this area include neoplastic changes (e.g., tumors), inflammatory disease (e.g., otitis media), or disorders of unknown origin (e.g., otosclerosis).

     
  4. 4.

    Cochlear hearing loss of genetic origin can be classified in to syndromic and non-syndromic forms.

     
  5. 5.

    Labyrinthitis can occur due to bacterial or viral infection or in the context of immunological disease.

     

Keywords

Hearing loss Inner ear Middle ear Otitis media Otosclerosis Tinnitus 

Abbreviations

AIED

Autoimmune inner ear disease

NSHL

Non-syndromic hearing loss

SHL

Syndromic hearing loss

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of OtorhinolaryngologyUniversity of RegensburgRegensburgGermany

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