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Host Immune Resistance and Dietary Lipids

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Dietary Components and Immune Function

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Both n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids and n-9 monounsaturated fatty acids contribute to the suppression of several immune system functions, exerting important anti-inflammatory properties. n-3 polyunsaturated acids are the most immunosuppressive fatty acids, and they have been applied in the resolution of diseases characterized by an overactivation of immune response. Different factors and mechanisms are involved in the execution of these properties. The administration of high amounts of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids reduces host defense to bacteria, viruses, parasites, or fungi. Inappropriate administration of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids in patients at risk of sepsis may cause adverse effects due to an increase in the susceptibility to infection.

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Martínez, M.A.d.P., Puertollano, M.A., Puertollano, E. (2010). Host Immune Resistance and Dietary Lipids. In: Watson, R., Zibadi, S., Preedy, V. (eds) Dietary Components and Immune Function. Nutrition and Health. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-60761-061-8_8

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