In Japan, head and neck cancer comprises 5–6 % of all cancer patients. The major sites of head and neck cancer are oral cavity, oropharynx, hypopharynx, and larynx. Squamous cell carcinoma is the most common histological type and the age-standardized incidence rates for tongue, oropharyngeal, hypopharyngeal cancer are now steadily increasing . Age-standardized mortality rates for oral and pharyngeal cancer had been low compared to the US, UK, France, and Italy, but are now both increasing . The age-standardized mortality rate for laryngeal cancer in Japan is also lower than in other countries; it is decreasing, especially in females . The incidence of maxillary sinus cancer had been high compared to the western countries (comprising approximately 7 % of head and neck cancers in Japan). This is related to the high incidence of chronic maxillary sinusitis. However, due to improved nutrition and the decreasing incidence of maxillary sinusitis, the incidence of maxillary sinus cancer is decreasing.
Modalities Cancer Japan Cancer rates Treatment
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