Carotid and Vertebral Intervention

  • Douglas E. DrachmanEmail author
  • Nicholas J. RuggieroII
  • Kenneth Rosenfield
Part of the Contemporary Cardiology book series (CONCARD)


Stroke represents the third most common cause of death in the United States, and nearly 20% of strokes are caused by atherosclerotic carotid artery stenosis. During the past two decades, significant advances in medical therapy and prevention, surgical revascularization, and endovascular treatment options have revolutionized the approach to the management of patients with cerebrovascular disease. Through careful review of the clinical trials literature – both historical and contemporary – we explore areas of controversy and those where consensus exists, enabling the identification of “best practice,” tailored to suit the individual patient and clinical scenario.


Aortic Arch Vertebral Artery Subclavian Artery Carotid Stenosis Carotid Artery Stenting 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Douglas E. Drachman
    • 1
    Email author
  • Nicholas J. RuggieroII
    • 2
  • Kenneth Rosenfield
    • 3
  1. 1.Cardiology DivisionMassachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical SchoolBostonUSA
  2. 2.Structural Heart Disease and Non-Coronary InterventionsThomas Jefferson University HospitalPhiladelphiaUSA
  3. 3.Vascular Medicine and Intervention, Department of CardiologyMassachusetts General HospitalBostonUSA

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