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Vitamin D pp 453–467Cite as

Vitamin D Deficiency and Consequences for the Health of People in Mediterranean Countries

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Abstract

The results of several recent cross-sectional observational studies conducted across Spain and other Mediterranean countries showed a very high prevalence of population with vitamin D deficiency, which produces skeletal and extra skeletal health consequences for the Mediterranean populations. According to these data it is important to highlight the need for improving patient’s and physician’s understanding of the optimization of vitamin D status irrespective of the hypothetical availability of hours of sun in Mediterranean countries. The medical community has an ethical responsibility to heighten efforts by individual health surveillance to ensure adequate vitamin D intake by patients and to teach the public about vitamin D.

Governmental policy and health policy makers will have to decide whether food fortification or supplements are the best way to achieve adequate vitamin D levels in Mediterranean populations.

KeyWords

  • Spain
  • mediterranean countries
  • 25-hydroxyvitamin D
  • vitamin D deficiency
  • North Africa
  • UV
  • sunlight
  • vitamin D
  • infants
  • clothing

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Quesada Gomez, J.M., Curiel, M.D. (2010). Vitamin D Deficiency and Consequences for the Health of People in Mediterranean Countries. In: Holick, M. (eds) Vitamin D. Nutrition and Health. Humana Press. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-60327-303-9_23

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-60327-303-9_23

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