Vitamin D pp 453-467 | Cite as

Vitamin D Deficiency and Consequences for the Health of People in Mediterranean Countries

Part of the Nutrition and Health book series (NH)


The results of several recent cross-sectional observational studies conducted across Spain and other Mediterranean countries showed a very high prevalence of population with vitamin D deficiency, which produces skeletal and extra skeletal health consequences for the Mediterranean populations. According to these data it is important to highlight the need for improving patient’s and physician’s understanding of the optimization of vitamin D status irrespective of the hypothetical availability of hours of sun in Mediterranean countries. The medical community has an ethical responsibility to heighten efforts by individual health surveillance to ensure adequate vitamin D intake by patients and to teach the public about vitamin D.

Governmental policy and health policy makers will have to decide whether food fortification or supplements are the best way to achieve adequate vitamin D levels in Mediterranean populations.


Spain mediterranean countries 25-hydroxyvitamin D vitamin D deficiency North Africa UV sunlight vitamin D infants clothing 


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Unidad de Metabolismo Mineral, Servicio de Endocrinología y Nutrición, Centro CEDOS y Unidad de I+D+i SanyresHospital Universitário Reina Sofia, RETICEFCórdobaSpain
  2. 2.Metabolic Bone Diseases Unit, Fundación Jiménez DíazMedicine Chair Metabolic Bone Diseases Universidad Autonoma, RETICEFMadridSpain

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