Environmental Bioengineering

Volume 11 of the series Handbook of Environmental Engineering pp 685-697


Animal Glue Production from Skin Wastes

  • Azni IdrisAffiliated withDepartment of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, Universiti Putra Malaysia
  • , Katayon SaedAffiliated withDepartment of Civil Engineering, Universiti Putra Malaysia
  • , Yung-Tse HungAffiliated withDepartment of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Cleveland State University

* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.

Get Access


Animal glue is the most important protein adhesive obtained from animal hides, skins, and bones through hydrolysis of the collagen. Animal glue production has long been a lucrative business in various parts of the world. This chapter discusses pretreatment and conditioning techniques including acidic, alkali, and enzymic proteolysis, which are involved during animal glue production. The extraction methods, including denaturation and thermal treatment, are also discussed. The possible improvement of pot life and moisture resistance of animal glue using chemical modification technique is presented. The application of micro-bubble technique for glue production from cow skin is also introduced.