Age-Related Macular Degeneration III: Epiretinal Membranes
This chapter deals with the description of the epiretinal membranes, which are common in patients over 50 years of age. Moreover, clinical studies have found that these membranes increase with age. Modifications of diagnosis and treatment of epiretinal membranes have resulted in a steady improvement of the patients' outcome. Most cases show very satisfying functional results with a mean improvement in VA of 2 or more lines in approximately 72 percent. A less favorable outcome is found in cases with underlying or accompanying diagnoses, like trauma, retinal vascular disorders, or retinal detachment. The clinical implication provided by the UHR-OCT and three-dimensional UHR OCT has yet to be established. New techniques, like sutureless vitrectomy or novel dyes may further improve the patients' outcome.
KeywordsAMD Epiretinal membranes vitrectomy diagnostic tools histological evaluation
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