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RNA Processing and Translation

  • Christina Karamboulas
  • Nadine Wiper-Bergeron
  • Ilona S. Skerjanc

Abstract

The information that codes for all proteins in a cell is found on specific segments within the DNA. When a cell requires the function of a particular protein, it must initiate the steps involved in the synthesis of this protein. The overall process is termed gene expression. Transcription is the process whereby the cell makes a copy of the genetic information required to build that particular protein. Transcription yields the copy of a particular gene termed the primary transcript, which undergoes several processing events to generate the mature messenger RNA (mRNA). The mRNA molecule is then transported to the cytoplasm where it associates with the ribosome. Here, the information within the transcript is decoded into a polypeptide chain of amino acids to give rise to a particular protein with a specific function. The details of RNA processing and translation are discussed in this chapter.

Keywords

RNA Processing Protein Translation Amino acids Genetic code Ribosome 

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Copyright information

© Humana Press, a part of Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christina Karamboulas
    • 1
  • Nadine Wiper-Bergeron
    • 1
  • Ilona S. Skerjanc
    • 2
  1. 1.University of OttawaOttawaCanada
  2. 2.Department of Biochemistry, Microbiology and ImmunologyUniversity of OttawaOttawaCanada

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