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Sleep and Sleep Disorders in Women

  • Fiona C. Baker
  • Kathryn A. Lee
  • R. Manber
Part of the Current Clinical Practice book series (CCP)

Abstract

The ovulatory menstrual cycle is characterized by a regulated variation in reproductive hormones across a 25-to 35-day period (Fig. 1). Coordinated through the central nervous system, pulsatile release of gonadotropin-releasing hormone from the hypothalamus, regulates the release of the hypothalamic hormones, luteinizing hormone, and follicle-stimulating hormone that in turn regulate the secretion of estrogen. Day 1 is identified as the first day of bleeding (menses) and ovulation occurs around day 14, dividing the cycle into two phases: a preovulatory follicular phase and a postovulatory luteal phase. In the luteal phase, progesterone dominates, being released from the corpus luteum, together with estradiol. Approximately 14 days after ovulation, if there is no implantation of a fertilized ovum, hormone levels rapidly drop and menses begin. During the late luteal phase (when hormone levels are declining) and the first day of menstruation, women experience the most negative symptoms.

Keywords

Sleep Quality Sleep Disorder Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome Sleep Deprivation Sleep Disorder Breathing 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Humana Press Inc., Totowa, NJ 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fiona C. Baker
    • 1
  • Kathryn A. Lee
    • 2
  • R. Manber
    • 3
  1. 1.Human Sleep Laboratory, SRI International, Menlo Park, CA and Brain Function Research Unit, School of PhysiologyUniversity of the WitwatersrandJohannesburgSouth Africa
  2. 2.Department of Family Health Care Nursing, N411Y School of NursingUniversity of CaliforniaSan Francisco
  3. 3.Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral SciencesStanford UniversityPalo Alto

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