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Roles of Corneal Epithelial Ion Transport Mechanisms in Mediating Responses to Cytokines and Osmotic Stress

  • Peter S. Reinach
  • José E. Capó-Aponte
  • Stefan Mergler
  • Kathryn S. Pokorny
Part of the Ophthalmology Research book series (OPHRES)

Overview

Normal vision depends, in part, on the combined refractive powers of the cornea and crystalline lens to permit adequate focusing of light onto the retina. Such refractive function requires that the cornea remain transparent, a requirement that is met provided that corneal hydration, i.e., deturgescence, is maintained within specific physiological limits. Maintenance of corneal deturgescence is reliant upon coupled ion and fluid transport activities within the epithelial and endothelial layers. Net ion transport activity offsets the natural tendency of the corneal stroma to imbibe fluid from the anterior chamber, thus keeping the cornea transparent ( 1, 2, 3, 4, 5). Although most of the ion transport activity involved in maintaining corneal deturgescence is contingent upon ion transport processes localized in the corneal endothelial layer, corneal epithelial ion transport activity plays a fine-tuning role in maintaining corneal deturgescence during exposure to environmental...

Keywords

Corneal Epithelium Regulatory Volume Decrease Corneal Epithelial Cell Human Corneal Epithelial Cell Regulatory Volume Increase 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was support by grants EY04795 (PR) and by an unrestricted grant from Research to Prevent Blindness, Inc., NY (KP).

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Copyright information

© Humana Press, a part of Springer Science + Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peter S. Reinach
    • 1
  • José E. Capó-Aponte
    • 1
  • Stefan Mergler
    • 1
  • Kathryn S. Pokorny
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Biological SciencesState University of New YorkNew YorkUSA
  2. 2.The Institute of Ophthalmology and Visual ScienceNew Jersey Medical School, University of Medicine and DentistryNewarkNJ

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