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Scrotal Ultrasound

  • Rao S. Mandalapu
  • Peter N. Tiffany
  • Bruce R. GilbertEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Current Clinical Urology book series (CCU)

Abstract

The scrotum is separated into right and left hemiscrotal compartments by a septum called the median raphe. The normal scrotal wall thickness varies between 2 and 8 mm. The scrotal wall contains the following structures: rugated skin, superficial fascia, dartos muscle, external spermatic fascia, cremasteric fascia, and internal spermatic fascia. These layers are indistinguishable on a normal clinical exam. The tunica vaginalis consists of parietal and visceral layers normally separated by 2–3 mL of straw-colored fluid often referred to as a physiologic hydrocele. On ultrasound this fluid is often seen as a thin anechoic rim around the head of the epididymis [1]. The parietal and visceral layers join at the posterolateral aspect of the testis where the tunica attaches to the scrotal wall [2].

Keywords

Germ Cell Tumor Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia Spermatic Cord Epidermoid Cyst Testicular Torsion 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rao S. Mandalapu
    • 1
  • Peter N. Tiffany
    • 2
  • Bruce R. Gilbert
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Urology, Fox Chase Cancer CenterTemple University HospitalElkins ParkUSA
  2. 2.Department of Urology, Winchester HospitalTufts University School of MedicineStonehamUSA
  3. 3.Hofstra North Shore LIJ School of MedicineThe Arthur Smith Institute for UrologyNew Hyde ParkUSA

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