Pediatric Urologic Ultrasound
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Ultrasound maintains its position as the primary imaging study of the genitourinary tract in children despite technological advances in computerized tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MR). Some of the attributes of ultrasound that help to maintain this position include its ease and rapidity to perform, noninvasive nature, reproducibility, and its avoidance of ionizing radiation. These are all important, particularly in the small child whose behavior may preclude a second chance to properly image the abnormality. The commonplace performance of prenatal ultrasound leads to the need for postnatal sonographic confirmation of possible urologic pathology. The other commonly ordered studies, voiding cystourethrography (VCUG), diuretic renography, CT, and MR are ordered mainly based upon the results of the ultrasound.
KeywordsRenal Pelvis Polycystic Kidney Disease Vesicoureteral Reflux Posterior Urethral Valve Testicular Torsion
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