Diabetes Mellitus and Exercise Physiology in the Presence of Diabetic Comorbidities

  • Amy G. Huebschmann
  • Judith G. Regensteiner
Part of the Contemporary Diabetes book series (CDI)


While uncomplicated type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is already associated with an impaired exercise capacity, the presence of other comorbidities appears to further worsen exercise capacity in T2DM. Common diabetic comorbidities such as hypertension, arterial stiffness, cardiovascular disease, systolic dysfunction, diastolic dysfunction, and diabetic nephropathy are all associated with worse exercise capacity in T2DM. Benefits of exercise training programs for those with T2DM and certain comorbidities (e.g., hypertension, increased arterial stiffness, or post-myocardial infarction) have been shown to include improved exercise capacity. Further study is warranted to determine the specific benefits and risks of exercise training in subpopulations of T2DM such as those with T2DM and either congestive heart failure or microvascular complications of diabetes.


Diabetes mellitus Exercise capacity Hypertension Arterial stiffness Cardiovascular disease Diabetic microvascular complications 


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Copyright information

© Humana Press, a part of Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Amy G. Huebschmann
    • 1
  • Judith G. Regensteiner
    • 2
  1. 1.Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of MedicineUniversity of Colorado DenverAuroraUSA
  2. 2.Divisions of General Internal Medicine and CardiologyDepartment of Medicine, University of Colorado DenverAuroraUSA

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