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Advanced Oxidation Processes

  • M. B. Ray
  • J. Paul Chen
  • Lawrence K. Wang
  • Simo Olavi Pehkonen
Part of the Handbook of Environmental Engineering book series (HEE, volume 4)

Abstract

Since the early 1970s, advanced oxidation processes (AOPs) have been used considerably to remove both low and high concentrations of organic compounds from diverse sources such as groundwater, municipal and industrial wastewater, sludge destruction, and volatile organic compound (VOC) control. These processes, although often having high capital and operating costs, are the only viable treatment methods for effluents containing refractory, toxic, and non-biodegradable materials. In the AOP, the organic compounds can be completely mineralized to carbon dioxide and water mostly by hydroxyl radicals, the second most powerful oxidizing agent generated in situ in the reaction environment. The rate constant values of oxidation of the organics with hydroxyl radicals range from 108 to 1011 M1s−1

Keywords

Anic Compound Xenon Flash Lamp Multitubular Reactor 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Humana Press Inc., Totowa, NJ 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. B. Ray
    • 1
  • J. Paul Chen
    • 2
  • Lawrence K. Wang
    • 3
  • Simo Olavi Pehkonen
  1. 1.Department of Chemical and Biochemical EngineeringThe University of Western OntarioLondonCanada
  2. 2.Department of Chemical and Biomolecular EngineeringNational University of SingaporeSingapore
  3. 3.Lenox Institute of Water TechnologyLenox

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