Physical Examination

Signs of Pathology and the Spine Examination
  • Eeric Truumees
Part of the Current Clinical Oncology book series (CCO)


Each year, 1.3 million new cancers are diagnosed in the United States (2). Carcinomas of the lung, breast, prostate, and kidney are the most common (3, 4, 5). More than 70% of these patients will develop skeletal metastases, most commonly in the spine (6). Primary malignancies of the spine are not rare, but in adults, the vast majority of spine lesions represent lymphatic or hematogenous metastasis (7).


Cervical Spine Radicular Pain Paraneoplastic Syndrome Metastatic Bone Disease Thoracic Outlet Syndrome 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Humana Press, Inc., Totowa, NJ 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Eeric Truumees
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.William Beaumont HospitalRoyal Oak
  2. 2.Wayne State UniversityDetroitMI

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