Abstract

Cocos nucifera is an unbranched monoecious plant of the PALMAE family. It growsto 30 m tall, with a crown of 25–35 paripinnate leaves, producing 12–16 new leaves per year. There is a central bud, which if cut off, leads to the death of tree. The trunk is straight or gently curved, with marked foliar scars, 30–50 cm in diameter, rises from a thickened base, and increases in height at a decreasing rate with age. The leaves are horizontal or somewhat hanging, 4–8 m in length and divided. Segments of leaves are numerous, linear-lanceolate, 0.5–1 m long and tapering. In the axil of each leaf is a spathe enclosing a long, stout, straw, or an orange-colored spadix. The spadix is composed of up to 40 branches, each bearing up to 300 small, fragrant, male flowers, and a few female, 2 cm long, globose flowers.

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