Oryza sativa is a perennial, cultivated as an annual of the POACEAE (GRAMINEAE) family. The root system of the plant is fibrous, with roots rising from the lower nodes of the culm. The plant tiller usually bears four or five culms, to 0.6–2.4 m high. Each culm has 10–20 internodes and is surrounded by sheathes of leaves. Leaf blades are narrow, flat, 30–50 cm long and 7–25 mm wide, slightly pubescent with spiny hairs on the margin. The inflorescence is a panicle, 7.5–37.5 cm long, varying from close and compact in some, to loose and spreading in others; exerting or partially exerting. Panicle branches arise in whorls, each branch bears 75–150 spikelets, each with single floret. Large numbers of spike-lets are usually associated with smaller size and a densely packed arrangement. The flower consists of two lodicules, six stamens, and two plumose stigmas on two styles, surrounded by the floral bracks and two small outer glumes.


Medicinal Plant Rice Plant Ferulic Acid Rice Bran Phytic Acid 
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