The majority of psychoactive drugs induce conditioned taste aversion (CTA). The basic CTA procedure usually involves pairing ingestion of a novel-tasting fluid with drug injection. Following recovery from the drug studied, subjects are again presented with the novel fluid. Acquisition of CTA is assessed in terms of either a reduced intake of the fluid relative to the preconditioning base-line, or a reduced preference for the drug-paired fluid in a choice procedure. Almost universally, reductions in intake of drug-paired substances have been assumed to be a result of the development of an association between some aversive stimulus property of the drug and the taste of the novel fluid—this being the derivation of the term “conditioned taste aversion.” However, as argued elsewhere (Goudie, 1979) and discussed below, some conditioned taste aversions may be misnamed phenomena, and there may be little justification for assuming that they involve aversive stimulus properties of drugs (see also Stolerman and D’Mello, 1981).
- Taste Aversion
- Conditioned Taste Aversion
- Conditioned Aversion
- Area Postrema
- Food Aversion
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Goudie, A.J. (1987). Aversive Stimulus Properties of Drugs. In: Greenshaw, A.J., Dourish, C.T. (eds) Experimental Psychopharmacology. Contemporary Neuroscience. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-59259-461-0_8
Publisher Name: Humana Press, Totowa, NJ
Print ISBN: 978-1-4757-5201-4
Online ISBN: 978-1-59259-461-0
eBook Packages: Springer Book Archive