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Abstract

The banana is a herbaceous perennial of the MUSACEAE family that grows to 5–9 m in height. It has a tuberous subterranean rhizome, from which the leaves emerge. The lower part of the leaves is folded within each other producing a ‘false stem’ from which the long, narrow blades protrude and spread out. In the center of the folded leaf-sheats, a growing point forms from the top of the rhizome, grows up and emerges as an overhanging inflorescence with a succession of reddish brown bracts. The bracts unfold from the base to the tip and fall off. Within the lower 1–12 bracts arise 14–18 female flowers in double rows. These develop into fruits without having to be fertilized, a process known as parthenocarpy. The next few bracts contained bisexual flowers that are rich in nectar but do not develop any further. In the upper bracts only male flowers are formed.

Keywords

Medicinal Plant Fresh Fruit Fruit Pulp Unripe Fruit Bacillus Coagulans 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ivan A. Ross

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