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Sodium and Other Dietary Factors

  • Myron H. Weinberger
Chapter
Part of the Current Clinical Practice book series (CCP)

Abstract

The most recent report of the Sixth Joint National Committee on the Prevention, Detection, Evaluation and Treatment of High Blood Pressure (INC VI) (1) has recommended a trial of lifestyle intervention as initial therapy in individuals with high-normal (130–139 mmHg systolic/85–89 diastolic) or stage I (140–159/90–99 mmHg) blood pressure (BP) levels without end-organ disease, concomitant cardiovascular disease, or diabetes mellitus. This chapter examines the evidence in support of dietary alterations and their effect on BP. The constituents that are considered include calories (body weight), salt (sodium chloride), potassium, calcium, and combinations of these minerals, other dietary components, and alcohol. Rather than attempting an encyclopedic review of the studies of all these dietary elements, this chapter succinctly summarizes what is currently known.

Keywords

Salt Intake Potassium Intake Salt Sensitivity Increase Salt Intake Renin Response 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Myron H. Weinberger

There are no affiliations available

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