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How to Monitor Progress in Hypertensive Patients

  • Ehud Grossman
Chapter
Part of the Current Clinical Practice book series (CCP)

Abstract

Hypertension is a major risk factor for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. The risk of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality is remarkably increased by the coexistence of hypertension with other risk factors. These are mainly diabetes mellitus, hypercholesterolemia, smoking, obesity, and positive family history. The existence of target organ damage (TOD) such as left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH), congestive heart failure (CHF), ischemic heart disease, stroke or transient ischemic attack, renal failure or proteinuria, peripheral vascular disease, and retinopathy also increases remarkably the risk of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality (1,2). Lowering blood pressure (BP) reduces the risk of stroke by about 40% and the risk of coronary heart disease by about 20% (3). Controlling additional risk factors may even increase the benefit obtained from lowering BP. Because hypertension is frequently associated with other risk factors, it is therefore important to identify and control all these risk factors as well. When a patient has elevated BP levels, repeated measurements will determine whether initial elevations persist and require prompt attention or have returned to normal and need only periodic surveillance (1).

Keywords

Hypertensive Patient Calcium Antagonist Blood Pressure Control Peripheral Vascular Disease Blood Pressure Level 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ehud Grossman

There are no affiliations available

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