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We spend roughly one-third of our lives craving, pursuing, forgoing, and savoring sleep . While it is apparent that sleep , which is considered a “complex amalgam of physiologic and behavioral processes” (Carskadon & Dement, 2017, p. 15), is universal and has vital life-preserving functions, its essential purpose remains unknown (Goldsmith & Casola, 2006; Hirshkowitz, Moore, & Minhoto, 1997; Horne, 2006). Theories suggest that sleep restores homeostasis in the central nervous system, conserves energy, regulates heat, or allows for processing of affective information (Goldsmith & Casola, 2006; Schwartz & Roth, 2008).

The effect is too much, sleep is winning, my whole body argues dully that nothing, nothing life can attain is quite so desirable as sleep. My mind is losing resolution and control.

Charles Lindbergh regarding his 1927 transatlantic flight

Sleep is the best cure for waking troubles.

Miguel de Cervantes

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We would like to thank Amy Wolfson Ph.D., Professor of Psychology at Loyola University Maryland, for her review of this chapter.

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Correspondence to George S. Everly Jr. or Jeffrey M. Lating .

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Everly, G.S., Lating, J.M. (2019). Sleep and Stress. In: A Clinical Guide to the Treatment of the Human Stress Response. Springer, New York, NY.

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