Endovascular Infections and Endocarditis

  • Walter Zingg
  • Didier PittetEmail author


Acute bloodstream infection (BSI) is one of the most severe forms of infection. BSI may be primary or secondary and community-acquired or healthcare-associated. BSI is frequently observed among immunocompromised and critically ill patients, but is rarely asymptomatic and may be associated with multiple organ failure (Pittet et al. JAMA. 1994;271(20):1598–601; Edmond et al. Clin Infect Dis. 1999;29(2):239–44; Marshall et al. Crit Care Med. 2003;31(5):1560–7). Infective endocarditis (IE) is either acute or subacute, the latter being more common with underlying vascular disease.


Infective endocarditis Bloodstream infection High-grade bacteremia Immunocompromised host Vascular disease Transplantation 


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Infection Control Programme and WHO Collaborating Centre on Patient Safety, University of Geneva Hospitals and Faculty of MedicineGenevaSwitzerland

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