Man-Made Sounds and Animals
The world is full of sounds of abiotic and biotic origin, and animals may use those sounds to gain information about their surrounding environment. However, it is becoming increasingly clear that the presence of man-made sounds has the potential to undermine the ability of animals to exploit useful environmental sounds. This volume provides an overview of how sounds may affect animals so that those interested in the effects of man-made sounds on animals can better understand the nature and breadth of potential impacts. This chapter provides an introduction to the issues associated with hearing and man-made sound and serves as a guide to the succeeding chapters. Chapters 2, 3, 4 and 5 cover the basic principles of sound and hearing, including an introduction to the acoustic ecology of the modern world in which man-made sounds have become very prominent. They also address how noisy conditions may hinder auditory perception, how hearing adaptations allow coping under acoustically challenging conditions, and how man-made sounds may damage the inner ear. The role of sound propagation in affecting signals and noise levels is treated for both terrestrial and aquatic habitats. This chapter also provides an overview of hearing and the effects of sound on particular taxa, which are the focus of Chaps. 6, 7, 8, 9, and 10. Those chapters address the concepts and insights in five different vertebrate taxa: fishes, amphibians and reptiles, birds, terrestrial mammals, and marine mammals. The overall aim of this volume is to stimulate and guide future investigations to fill in taxonomic and conceptual gaps in the knowledge about how man-made sounds affect animals.
KeywordsAcoustic deterrence device Anthropogenic noise Comparative review Experimental design Man-made sound Noise impact studies Vertebrates
Compliance with Ethics Requirements
Hans Slabbekoorn declares that he has no conflict of interest.
Robert J. Dooling declares that he has no conflict of interest.
Arthur N. Popper declares that he has no conflict of interest.
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