Contraception: Overview

  • Michele BuccieroEmail author
  • Magdalena Parda-Chlebowicz


Women have used some type of birth control method for thousands of years. Despite this, nearly one half of all pregnancies in the United States still remain unplanned (Finer and Zolana, Contraception 84:478–85, 2011). Adolescent pregnancy rate in the United States is the highest among developed countries, with a rate in 2010 of 57 per 1,000 girls aged 15–19. Three quarters of adolescent pregnancies are unintended (Counseling Adolescents About Contraception, Obstet Gynecol 130:e74, 2017). There is no “best” method of birth control, and the choice depends on multiple factors including women’s overall health, age, frequency of sexual activity, number of sexual partners, desire for future fertility, family history of certain diseases, possible side effects, and women’s comfort level with using the method, whether it helps protect against HIV and other STDs and whether the chosen method offers additional health benefits besides birth control. A clear understanding of the available contraceptive methods permits a clinician to counsel women about methods that are most consistent with their health status, lifestyles, and comfort and therefore most likely to be successful.


Contraception Birth control Birth control methods Behavioral methods Barrier methods 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Saint Anthony HospitalChicagoUSA
  2. 2.St. Francis HospitalEvanstonUSA

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