Breast cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer and the second leading cause of cancer death among women in the United States. Approximately one out of every eight American women will be diagnosed with breast cancer in their lifetime. This chapter summarizes key concepts for breast cancer screening, with an emphasis on imaging. The breast cancer screening recommendations from the most prominent medical societies are presented and summarized. Screening recommendations are broadly divided for women at average risk, at moderate risk, and at high risk for developing breast cancer in their lifetime. Guidance is provided as to what risk factors may place a woman into one of these categories. Current concepts regarding cancer screening in women with dense breasts are also discussed, as well as an overview of what can be expected when diagnostic imaging is pursued to evaluate a patient’s symptom.
KeywordsBreast cancer Breast screening Mammography MRI Ultrasound Prevention High risk
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