Open image in new windowNutritional Mode

  • John H. AndrewsEmail author


The quest for food and energy is universal. We consider in this chapter how creatures can be grouped depending on the nutrients they use and how they go about harvesting them. Not much can be said about the biology of an organism until one knows how it provides for itself.

Suggested Additional Reading

  1. Alberts, B. et al. 2015. Molecular Biology of the Cell, 6th Ed. Garland Science, N.Y. Excellent overview of cellular biochemistry, structure, and genetics, including comparisons of prokaryotes and eukaryotes. Google Scholar
  2. Caron, D.A. et al. 2017. Probing the evolution, ecology and physiology of marine protists using transcriptomics. Nature Rev. Microbiol. 15: 6–20. An excellent synthesis of marine protists and their role in the ecology of the oceans, including mixotrophy.Google Scholar
  3. Gross, T. and H. Sayana (Eds.). 2009. Adaptive Networks: Theory, Models and Applications. Springer, NY. Attributes and commonalities among abiotic and biotic networks and branching systems. Google Scholar
  4. Monk, J., J. Nogales, and B.O. Palsson. 2014. Optimizing genome-scale network reconstructions. Nature Biotechnol. 32: 447–452. A comprehensive status report on knowledge of the projected metabolism for 78 species across the tree of life based largely on genome annotation. Google Scholar
  5. Oceanography, vol. 20 no.2, June 2007. Special Issue: A Sea of Microbes. A good compendium of papers on the centrality of microorganisms in marine ecology. See also the compiled papers in “Microbial Carbon Pump in the Ocean” (eds. N. Jiao, F. Azam, S. Sanders) Supplement to Science, 13 May 2011; and M.A. Moran (2015), The global ocean microbiome. Science 350, doi:10.1126/science.aac8455 Google Scholar
  6. Science, vol. 348, no.6237, pp.833–940, 22 May 2015. Special issue on oceanic plankton, including abiotic as well as biotic factors. Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media LLC 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of Wisconsin–MadisonMadisonUSA

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