Bentz BJ, Regniere J, Fettig CJ et al (2010) Climate change and bark beetles of the Western United States and Canada: direct and indirect effects. BioScience 60(8):602–613
Despain DG (1990) Yellowstone vegetation. Consequences of environment and history in a natural setting. Roberts Rinehart, Boulder, p 239
*Fortin MJ, Dale MRT (2005) Spatial analysis: a guide for ecologists. Cambridge University Press, New York, NY, USA, p 369. An extremely helpful reference book for applications of spatial statistics.
*Foster DR, Knight DH, Franklin JF (1998) Landscape patterns and legacies resulting from large, infrequent forest disturbances. Ecosystems 1(6):497–510. Classic paper describing how different natural disturbances create landscape patterns.
*Fraterrigo JM, Rusak JA (2008) Disturbance-driven changes in the variability of ecological patterns and processes. Ecol Lett 11:756–770. A terrific conceptual and practical overview of how to consider and quantify variance and why that is useful.
Furniss MM, Renkin R (2003) Forest entomology in Yellowstone National Park, 1923–1957: a time of discovery and learning to let live. Am Entomol 49:198–209
Gude PH, Hansen AJ, Rasker R et al (2006) Rates and drivers of rural residential development in the Greater Yellowstone. Landsc Urban Plan 77:131–151
*Gustafson EJ (1998) Quantifying landscape spatial pattern: what is the state of the art? Ecosystems 1:143–156. Another classic, this paper nicely contrasts continuous and categorical landscape data and analyses.
Jin SM, Sader SA (2005) Comparison of time series tasseled cap wetness and the normalized difference moisture index in detecting forest disturbances. Remote Sens Environ 94:364–372
Key CH, Benson NC (2006) Landscape assessment: sampling and analysis methods. In: Lutes DC, Keane RE, Caratti JF et al (eds) FIREMON: fire effects monitoring and inventory system. General technical report RMRS-GTR-164-CD, USDA Forest Service. Rocky Mountain Research Station, Ogden, pp LA1–LA51
Long JN (2009) Emulating natural disturbance regimes as a basis for forest management: a North American view. For Ecolo Manage 257(9):1868–1873
Millspaugh SH, Whitlock C, Bartlein PJ (2000) Variations in fire frequency and climate over the past 17 000 yr in central Yellowstone National Park. Geology 28(3):211–214
Perera AH, Buse LJ, Weber MG (eds) (2004) Emulating natural forest landscape disturbances: concepts and applications. Columbia University Press, New York
Peters DPC, Lugo AE, Chapin FS et al (2011) Cross-system comparisons elucidate disturbance complexities and generalities. Ecosphere 2:81
Raffa KF, Aukema BH, Bentz BJ et al (2008) Cross-scale drivers of natural disturbances prone to anthropogenic amplification: the dynamics of bark beetle eruptions. BioScience 58(6):501–517
Renkin RA, Despain DG (1992) Fuel moisture, forest type, and lightning-caused fire in Yellowstone National Park. Can J For Res 22(1):37–45
Romme WH (1982) Fire and landscape diversity in subalpine forests of Yellowstone National Park. Ecol Monogr 52(2):199–221
Romme WH, Despain DG (1989) Historical perspective on the Yellowstone fires of 1988. BioScience 39:695–699
Running SW (2006) Is global warming causing more, larger wildfires? Science 313:927–928
Schoennagel T, Turner MG, Romme WH (2003) The influence of fire interval and serotiny on postfire lodgepole pine density in Yellowstone National Park. Ecology 84(11):2967–2978
Schoennagel T, Veblen TT, Romme WH (2004) The interaction of fire, fuels, and climate across rocky mountain forests. BioScience 54:661–676
*Simard M, Powell EN, Raffa KF (2012) What explains landscape patterns of tree mortality caused by bark beetle outbreaks in Greater Yellowstone? Glob Ecol Biogeogr 21:555–567. An empirical study of bark beetle outbreak severity, this paper gives background on the outbreak patterns in the landscape used here.
*Tinker DB, Romme WH, Despain DG (2003) Historic range of variability in landscape structure in subalpine forests of the Greater Yellowstone Area, USA. Landsc Ecol 18:427–439. Another Yellowstone paper, this study contrasts logging patterns and fire-generated patterns.
Turner MG (ed) (1987) Landscape heterogeneity and disturbance. Springer, New York, p 239
Turner MG (2005) Landscape ecology: what is the state of the science? Annu Rev Ecol Evol Syst 36:319–344
Turner MG (2010) Disturbance and landscape dynamics in a changing world. Ecology 91(10):2833–2849
Turner MG, Romme WH (1994) Landscape dynamics in crown fire ecosystems. Landsc Ecol 9(1):59–77
Turner MG, Gardner RH (2015) Landscape ecology in theory and practice, 2nd ed. Springer, New York
*Turner MG, Hargrove WH, Gardner RH et al (1994) Effects of fire on landscape heterogeneity in Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming. J Veg Sci 5:731–742. One of the very first papers to quantify postfire landscape heterogeneity, this paper presents landscape metrics for areas affected by the 1988 Yellowstone fires.
Watt AS (1947) Pattern and process in the plant community. J Ecol 35:1–22
Westerling AL, Hidalgo HG, Cayan DR et al (2006) Warming and earlier spring increase western U.S. forest wildfire activity. Science 313:940–943
Westerling AL, Turner MG, Smithwick EAH et al (2011) Continued warming could transform Greater Yellowstone fire regimes by mid-21st century. Proc Natl Acad Sci 108:13165–13170
White PS, Jentsch A (2001) The research for generalities in studies of disturbance and ecosystem dynamics. Prog Bot 62:399–450
White PS, Pickett STA (1985) Natural disturbance and patch dynamics: an introduction. In: Pickett STA, White PS (eds) The ecology of natural disturbance an patch dynamics. Academic Press, Orlando, pp 3–13