Neurologic complications of cancer and its therapy are varied and common, occurring in 30–50 % of cancer patients presenting to emergency departments or for neurologic consultations at teaching hospitals. However, a few true neurologic emergencies require rapid diagnosis and treatment to preserve neurologic function and, in some circumstances, save lives. A collaborative effort among the emergency room physician, the patient’s oncologist, and consultants from neurology, neurosurgery, and radiation oncology services affords the best outcome. Even patients with advanced cancer and limited life expectancies can benefit from prompt therapy when it is appropriate for their circumstances.
KeywordsMalignant cord compression Seizures Status epilepticus Brain metastasis Cerebral edema Intracranial hemorrhage
- DeAngelis L, Posner J, editors. Neurological complications of cancer. 2nd ed. New York, NY: Oxford University Press; 2009.Google Scholar