Lower Leg, Ankle, and Foot Injuries



Overuse and traumatic distal lower extremity conditions are common among physically active individuals, and the incidence rate is an order of magnitude greater than that reported in the general population. With frequent impact and heavy load-bearing activity, military servicemembers have unique occupational demands that may further exacerbate inherent risks of leg, ankle, and foot injuries. A thorough endocrine, nutritional, and multisystem clinical work-up is warranted to evaluate certain overuse conditions. Furthermore, mechanical alignment and soft tissue integrity should always be scrutinized when considering a range of nonoperative or surgical treatment options. Modifications in training regimen, the use of external restraints or orthotics, and physical therapy with targeted neuromuscular, strength, and/or gait interventions may be effective preventative measures in selected patients with distal lower extremity injuries.


Military Injury Foot Ankle Sprain 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.William Beaumont Army Medical CenterEl PasoUSA
  2. 2.Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and RehabilitationWilliam Beaumont Army Medical CenterEl PasoUSA

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